Pigeons and Doves belong to the family Columbidae in the order Columbiformes. The major difference between pigeons and doves is size, with pigeons being the larger, but there is a lot a slack to this both ways. There are 11 subfamiles and 48 genera and 300 species in the family Columbidae. All of the 11 subfamilies and 48 genera are listed here. The species highlighted in red were photographed at numerous different sites including Discovery Cove, FL, California Zoos., Hawaii, East Africa and other sites.

The red underlined species include those from other parts of this web site.

Subfamily Columbinae – typical pigeons & doves
Genus Columba including Aplopelia – Old World pigeons (33-34 species
Inca Dove Columbina inca
Rock Dove
Columba livia
Speckled Pigeon Columba guinea
Genus Streptopelia including Stigmatopelia and Nesoenas turtledoves (14-18 species)
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaoto
Spotted Dove
Streptopelia chinersis
Barbary Dove or Ring Dove Streptopelia risoriais
Senegal or Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis
African Mourning, Mourning Collared Dove Streptopelia decipiens
Red-eyed Dove Streptopelia semitorguata
Ring-necked Dove Streptopelia capicola
Genus Patagioenas – American pigeons; formerly in Columba (17 species)
Genus
Ectopistes – Passenger Pigeon Ectopistes migratorius
Genus
Macropygia (10 species)
Genus
Reinwardtoena (3 species)
Genus
Turacoena (2 species)
Subfamily N.N. – Bronzewings and relatives
Genus Turtur – African wood-doves (5 species; tentatively placed here)
Emerald-spotted wood Dove
Turtur chalospilos
Genus
Oena
Namaqua Dove Oena capensis
Genus Chalcophaps (2 species)
Common Emerald Dove, Chalcophaps indica
Stephan's Emerald Dove, Chalcophaps stephani
Genus
Henicophaps (2 species)
Genus
Phaps (3 species)
Genus
Ocyphaps – Crested Pigeon
Crested-bronzed Winged Dove Ocyphaps lophotes
Crested Pigeon Ocyphaps lophotes
Genus Geophaps (3 species)
Genus Petrophassa – rock-pigeons (2 species)
Genus
Geopelia (3–5 species)
Zebra Dove Geopelia striata
Subfamily Leptotilinae – Zenaidine and quail-doves
Genus Zenaida (7 species)
Galapagos Dove Zenaida galapagoensis
Morning Dove
Zenaida macroura
White-winged
Dove Zenaicia
Genus Leptotila (11 species)
Genus
Geotrygon – quail-doves (16 species)
Genus
Starnoenas – Blue-headed Quail-dove
Subfamily Columbininae – American ground doves
Genus Columbina (7 species)
Genus
Claravis (3 species)
Genus
Metriopelia (4 species)
Genus
Scardafella – possibly belongs into Columbina (2 species)
Genus
Uropelia – Long-tailed Ground Dove
Subfamily N.N. – Indopacific ground doves
Genus Gallicolumba (16-17 living species, 3-4 recently extinct)
Bleeding Heart Dove Gallicolumba luzonica
Genus Trugon – Thick-billed Ground Pigeon
Subfamily Otidiphabinae – Pheasant Pigeon
Genus Otidiphaps – Pheasant Pigeon
Subfamily Didunculinae – Tooth-billed Pigeon
Genus Didunculus – Tooth-billed Pigeon
Subfamily Gourinae – crowned pigeons
Genus Goura (3 species)
Blue Crowned Pigeon, Goura cristata
Southern Crowned Pigeon, Goura scheepmakeri
Victoria Crowned Pigeon, Goura victoria
Subfamily N.N. ("Treroninae") – green and fruit doves and imperial pigeons
Genus Ducula – imperial-pigeons (36 species)
Collared Imperial Pigeon Ducula mullerii
Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea
Pied Imperial Pigeon Ducula bicolor
White-bellied Imperial Pigeon Ducula forsteni
Genus Lopholaimus – Topknot Pigeon
Genus
Hemiphaga (2 species)
New Zealand Pigeon
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae
Genus
Cryptophaps – Sombre Pigeon
Genus
Gymnophaps – mountain-pigeons (3 species)
Genus
Ptilinopus – fruit doves (some 50 living species, 1-2 recently extinct)
Jambu Fruit Dove Ptilinopus jambu
Pink-headed Fruit Dove, Ptilinopus porphyreus
Genus Natunaornis – Viti Levu Giant Pigeon (prehistoric)
Genus
Drepanoptila – Cloven-feathered Dove
Genus
Alectroenas – blue pigeons (3 living species)
Subfamily Raphinae – didines
Genus Raphus – Dodo (extinct; late 17th century)
Genus
Pezophaps – Rodrigues Solitaire (extinct; c.1730)
Placement unresolved
Genus Caloenas – Nicobar Pigeon
Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica
Genus Treron – green pigeons (23 species)
Genus
Phapitreron – brown doves (3 species)
Genus
Leucosarcia – Wonga Pigeon
Genus
Microgoura – Choiseul Crested Pigeon (extinct; early 20th century)
Genus
DysmoropeliaSaint Helena Dove (extinct)
Genus
Bountyphaps - Henderson Island Archaic Pigeon (prehistoric)