Waxbills are of the genus Estrilda in the Estrildidae family. Most of the genus is found in Africa with one species, the Arabial Waxbill, ranging into Asia. Some species are kept as pets and have been accidentally introduced to various parts of the world. This genus contains the following species:

Black-lored Waxbill (Estrilda nigriloris)
Common Waxbill (Estrilda astrild)
Anambra Waxbill (Estrilda poliopareia)
Arabian Waxbill (Estrilda rufibarba)
Black-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda troglodytes)
Black-crowned Waxbill (Estrilda nonnula)
Black-headed Waxbill (Estrilda atricapilla)
Red-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda charmosyna)
Fawn-breasted Waxbill (Estrilda paludicola)
Lavender Waxbill (Estrilda caerulescens)
Black-cheeked Waxbill (Estrilda erythronotos)
Black-headed Waxbill (Estrilda atricapilla)
Swee Waxbill (Estrilda melanotis)
Orange-cheeked Waxbill (Estrilda melpoda)
Black-tailed Waxbill (Estrilda perreini)
Crimson-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda rhodopyga)
Cinderella Waxbill (Estrilda thomensis)
Yellow-bellied Waxbill (Coccopygia quartinia)