Tanagers belong to the large family Thraupidae consisting of four groups below. Photos are presented in ComingsBirds.com for those highlighted in red.

Group 1 Dull Colored forms,
a) Conebill and flowerpiercer group
b) True
c) "Yellow-rumped" clade
d) "Crested" clade

Genus Ramphocelus – silver-billed tanagers (9 species)
Cherrie's Tanager Ramphocelus costaricensis
Passerini's Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii
Crimson-backed Tanager Crimson-backed Tanager
Crimson-collared Tanager
Ramphocelus sanguinolentus
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo
Genus Lanio – shrike-tanagers (4 species)
Genus Eucometis – Gray-headed Tanager
Grey-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata
Genus Tachyphonus (8 species)
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus
Genus Trichothraupis – Black-goggled Tanager
Genus Stephanophorus – Diademed Tanager
Genus Coryphospingus (2 species)
Genus Volatinia – Blue-black Grassquit
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina

e) "Blue Finch" clade
f) The "Poospiza" clade
g) Grass & Pampa-finches
h) A miscellaneous
i) Basal forms in group 1

Group 2 “Typical” colorful Tanagers
a) Tropical canopy tanagers:
Genus Thraupis
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Blue-grey Tanager Thraupis episcopus
Genus Pipraeidea (2 species)
Blue and Yellow Tanager Pipraeidea bonariensis
Genus Tangara (about 50 species)
Plain-colored Tanager, Tangara inornata
Turquoise Tanager, Tangara mexicana
White-bellied Tanager, Tangara mexicana brasiliensis
Azure-rumped Tanager, Tangara cabanisi
Gray-and-gold Tanager, Tangara palmeri
Paradise Tanager, Tangara chilensis
Seven-colored Tanager, Tangara fastuosa
Green-headed Tanager, Tangara seledon
Red-necked Tanager, Tangara cyanocephala
Brassy-breasted Tanager, Tangara desmaresti
Gilt-edged Tanager, Tangara cyanoventris
Blue-whiskered Tanager, Tangara johannae
Green-and-gold Tanager, Tangara schrankii
Emerald Tanager, Tangara florida
Golden Tanager, Tangara arthus
Silver-throated Tanager, Tangara icterocephala
Golden-eared Tanager, Tangara chrysotis
Saffron-crowned Tanager, Tangara xanthocephala
Flame-faced Tanager, Tangara parzudakii
Yellow-bellied Tanager, Tangara xanthogastra
Spotted Tanager, Tangara punctata
Speckled Tanager, Tangara guttata
Dotted Tanager, Tangara varia
Rufous-throated Tanager, Tangara rufigula
Bay-headed Tanager, Tangara gyrola
Rufous-winged Tanager, Tangara lavinia
Burnished-buff Tanager, Tangara cayana
Black-backed Tanager, Tangara peruviana
Lesser Antillean Tanager, Tangara cucullata
Chestnut-backed Tanager, Tangara preciosa
Scrub Tanager, Tangara vitriolina
Green-capped Tanager, Tangara meyerdeschauenseei
Rufous-cheeked Tanager, Tangara rufigenis
Golden-naped Tanager, Tangara ruficervix
Metallic-green Tanager, Tangara labradorides
Blue-browed Tanager, Tangara cyanotis
Blue-necked Tanager, Tangara cyanicollis
Golden-hooded Tanager, Tangara larvata
Masked Tanager, Tangara nigrocincta
Spangle-cheeked Tanager, Tangara dowii
Green-naped Tanager, Tangara fucosa
Beryl-spangled Tanager, Tangara nigroviridis
Blue-and-black Tanager, Tangara vassorii
Black-capped Tanager, Tangara heinei
Sira Tanager, Tangara phillipsi
Silver-backed Tanager, Tangara viridicollis
Straw-backed Tanager, Tangara argyrofenges
Black-headed Tanager, Tangara cyanoptera
Opal-rumped Tanager, Tangara velia
Silvery-breasted Tanager, Tangara velia cyanomelas
Opal-crowned Tanager, Tangara callophrys

b) The "Tholospiza" - Darwin's finches, grassquits, atypical honeycreepers and some seedeaters.

Group 3 Saltators
Group 4 Recently split from Thraupidae
consists of:

Related to
Arremonops and other American sparrows in Emberizidae:
Genus Chlorospingus – bush-tanagers (around 10 species)

Related to the cardinals in Cardinalidae:
Genus Piranga – northern tanagers (9 species)
Rose-throated Tanager, Piranga roseogularis
Hepatic Tanager, Piranga flava
Scarlet Tanager, Piranga olivacea
Summer Tanager, Piranga rubra
Western Tanager, Piranga ludoviciana
Flame-colored Tanager, Piranga bidentata
White-winged Tanager, Piranga leucoptera
Red-headed Tanager, Piranga erythrocephala
Red-hooded Tanager, Piranga rubriceps

Genus Habia – ant-tanagers or habias (5 species)
Genus Chlorothraupis (3 species)
Genus Amaurospiza (4 species; apparently very close to Cyanocompsa)
Genus Spindalis – spindalises (4 species).

Fringillidae, subfamily Euphoniinae:
Genus Euphonia (over 25 species)
Genus Chlorophonia (5 species)

Other species of
Tanagers such as Banaquit, Bullfinch, Euphonia, Saltators, and others are listed on separate pages.