The weaver finches or estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old Wolrld tropics and Australasia. They can be classified as the family Estrildidae (weaver-finch), or as a sub-group within the family Passeridae which also includes the true sparrows. They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short, thick, but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but vary widely in plumage colors and pattern.
All the estrildids build large domed nests and lay 5–10 white eggs. Many species build roost nests. Some of the fire-finches and pytilias are hosts to the brood-parasitic indigobirds and whydahs respecticley.
Most are sensitive to cold and require a warm, usually tropical, habitat, although a few have adapted to the cooler climates of southern Australia.
The following is a list of the many genera.
Antpeckers, genus Parmoptila
Red-fronted Antpecker, Parmoptila rubrifrons
Jameson's Antpecker, Parmoptila jamesoni
Woodhouse's Antpecker, Parmoptila woodhousei
Negrofinches, genus Nigrita
White-breasted Negrofinch, Nigrita fusconota
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch, Nigrita bicolor
Pale-fronted Negrofinch, Nigrita luteifrons
Grey-headed Negrofinch, Nigrita canicapilla
Olivebacks, genus Nesocharis
White-collared Oliveback, Nesocharis ansorgei
Fernando Po Oliveback, Nesocharis shelleyi
Grey-headed Oliveback, Nesocharis capistrata
Pytilias, genus Pytilia
Orange-winged Pytilia, Pytilia afra
Red-winged Pytilia, Pytilia phoenicoptera
Green-winged Pytilia, Pytilia melba
Red-faced Pytilia, Pytilia hypogrammica
Genus Mandingoa
Green-backed Twinspot, Mandingoa nitidula
Crimson-wings, genus Cryptospiza
Red-faced Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza reichenovii
Abyssinian Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza salvadorii
Dusky Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza jacksoni
Shelley's Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza shelleyi
Seedcrackers, genus Pyrenestes
Crimson Seedcracker, Pyrenestes sanguineus
Black-bellied Seedcracker, Pyrenestes ostrinus
Lesser Seedcracker, Pyrenestes minor
Bluebills, genus Spermophaga
Grant's Bluebill, Spermophaga poliogenys
Western Bluebill, Spermophaga haematina
Red-headed Bluebill, Spermophaga ruficapilla
Twinspots, genera Clytospiza, Hypargos, Euschistospiza
Brown Twinspot, Clytospiza monteiri
Peters' Twinspot, Hypargos niveoguttatus
Pink-throated Twinspot, Hypargos margaritatus
Dybowski's Twinspot, Euschistospiza dybowskii
Dusky Twinspot, Euschistospiza cinereovinacea
Firefinches, genus Lagonosticta
Bar-breasted Firefinch, Lagonosticta rufopicta
Brown Firefinch, Lagonosticta nitidula
Red-billed Firefinch, Lagonosticta senegala
Black-bellied Firefinch, Lagonosticta rara
African Firefinch, Lagonosticta rubricata
Pale-billed Firefinch, Lagonosticta landanae
Jameson's Firefinch, Lagonosticta rhodopareia
Mali Firefinch, Lagonosticta virata
Rock Firefinch, Lagonosticta sanguinodorsalis
Black-throated Firefinch
Lagonosticta larvata
Lagonosticta vinacea
Reichenow's Firefinch, Lagonosticta umbrinodorsalis
Cordon-bleus, genus Uraeginthus
Blue-breasted Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus angolensis
Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus bengalus
Blue-capped Cordon-bleu, Uraeginthus cyanocephalus
Purple Grenadier, Uraeginthus ianthinogaster
Common Grenadier, Uraeginthus granatinus also known as Violet-eared Waxbill
Waxbills, genus Estrilda
Lavender Waxbill, Estrilda caerulescens
Black-tailed Waxbill, Estrilda perreini
Cinderella Waxbill, Estrilda thomensis
Swee Waxbill also known as Yellow-bellied Waxbill
Estrilda quartinia
Estrilda melanotis
Fawn-breasted Waxbill
Estrilda ochrogaster
Estrilda poliopareia
Estrilda paludicola
Anambra Waxbill, Estrilda poliopareia
Orange-cheeked Waxbill, Estrilda melpoda
Arabian Waxbill, Estrilda rufibarba
Crimson-rumped Waxbill, Estrilda rhodopyga
Black-rumped Waxbill, Estrilda troglodytes
Common Waxbill, Estrilda astrild
Black-lored Waxbill, Estrilda nigriloris
Black-crowned Waxbill, Estrilda nonnula
Black-headed Waxbill, Estrilda atricapilla
Black-cheeked Waxbill, Estrilda erythronotos
Red-rumped Waxbill, Estrilda charmosyna
Avadavats, genus Amandava
Red Avadavat, Amandava amandava also known as Red Munia
Green Avadavat, Amandava formosa
Zebra Waxbill, Amandava subflava also known as Orange-breasted Waxbill
Quailfinches, genus Ortygospiza
Red-billed Quailfinch, Ortygospiza gabonensis
African Quailfinch, Ortygospiza atricollis
Locustfinch, Ortygospiza locustella
Firetails, genera Emblema, Stagonopleura, Oreostruthus
Painted Firetail, Emblema pictum
Beautiful Firetail, Stagonopleura bella
Red-eared Firetail, Stagonopleura oculata
Diamond Firetail, Stagonopleura guttata
Mountain Firetail, Oreostruthus fuliginosus
Genus Neochmia
Red-browed Firetail, Neochmia temporalis
Crimson Finch, Neochmia phaeton
Star Finch, Neochmia ruficauda
N. r. subclarescens
N. r. clarescens
N. r. ruficauda
Plum-headed Finch, Neochmia modesta also known as Cherry Finch
Genus Taeniopygia
Zebra Finch, Taeniopygia guttata
T. g. guttata
T. g. castanotis
Double-barred Finch, Taeniopygia bichenovii
T. b. bichenovii
T. b. annulosa
Genus Poephila
Masked Finch, Poephila personata
Long-tailed Finch, Poephila acuticauda
Black-throated Finch, Poephila cincta
P. c. cincta
P. c. atropygialis
Parrotfinches, genus Erythrura
Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch, Erythrura hyperythra
Pin-tailed Parrotfinch, Erythrura prasina
Green-faced Parrotfinch, Erythrura viridifacies
Tricolored Parrotfinch, Erythrura tricolor
Blue-faced Parrotfinch, Erythrura trichroa
Red-eared Parrotfinch, Erythrura coloria
Papuan Parrotfinch, Erythrura papuana
Red-throated Parrotfinch, Erythrura psittacea
Fiji Parrotfinch, Erythrura pealii
Red-headed Parrotfinch, Erythrura cyaneovirens
Royal Parrotfinch, Erythrura regia
Pink-billed Parrotfinch, Erythrura kleinschmidti
Genus Chloebia
Gouldian Finch, Chloebia gouldiae
Munias and Silverbills, genus Lonchura - see Manikins
Madagascar Munia, Lonchura nana
African Silverbill, Lonchura cantans
Indian Silverbill, Lonchura malabarica also known as White-throated Munia
Grey-headed Silverbill, Lonchura griseicapilla
Bronze Mannikin, Lonchura cucullata also known as Bronze Munia
Black-and-white Mannikin, Lonchura bicolor also known as Black-and-white Munia
Brown-backed Mannikin, Lonchura nigriceps also known as Brown-backed Munia
Magpie Mannikin, Lonchura fringilloides also known as Magpie Munia
White-rumped Munia, Lonchura striata
Javan Munia, Lonchura leucogastroides
Dusky Munia, Lonchura fuscans
Black-faced Munia, Lonchura molucca
Black-throated Munia, Lonchura kelaarti also known as Jerdon's Mannikin Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
Scaly-breasted Munia, Lonchura punctulata also known as Nutmeg Mannikin or Spice Finch
White-bellied Munia, Lonchura leucogastra
Streak-headed Munia, Lonchura tristissima
L. t. tristissima
L. t. leucosticta
Black-headed Munia, Lonchura atricapilla also known as Chestnut Munia
Tricoloured Munia, Lonchura malacca
White-capped Munia, Lonchura ferruginosa
Cream-bellied Munia, Lonchura pallidiventer
Five-colored Munia, Lonchura quinticolor
White-headed Munia, Lonchura maja
Pale-headed Munia, Lonchura pallida
Grand Munia, Lonchura grandis
Grey-banded Munia, Lonchura vana
Grey-crowned Munia, Lonchura nevermanni
Hooded Munia, Lonchura spectabilis
Grey-headed Munia, Lonchura caniceps
Mottled Munia, Lonchura hunsteini
New Ireland Munia, Lonchura forbesi
New Hanover Munia, Lonchura nigerrima
Yellow-rumped Munia, Lonchura flaviprymna
Chestnut-breasted Munia, Lonchura castaneothorax
Black Munia, Lonchura stygia
Black-breasted Munia, Lonchura teerinki
Snow Mountain Munia, Lonchura montana
Alpine Munia, Lonchura monticola
Bismarck Munia, Lonchura melaena
Genus Heteromunia
Pictorella Munia, Heteromunia pectoralis
Java Sparrows, genus Padda
Java Sparrow, Padda oryzivora
Timor Dusky Sparrow, Padda fuscata
Cut-throats, genus Amadina
Cut-throat, Amadina fasciata
Red-headed Finch Amadina erythrocephala