Pittas are a family Pittidae, of birds mainly found in tropical Asia and Australasia, although a couple of species live in Africa. Pittas are all similar in general structure and habits, and have often been placed in a single genus, although as of 2009 they are now split into three genera, Pitta, Erythropitta and Hydrornis. The name is derived from the word pitta in the Telugu language of Andhra Pradesh in India and is a generic local name used for all small birds. Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards, stocky, with longish strong legs and long feet. They have very short tails and stout, slightly decurved bills. Many, but not all, have brightly colored
These are fairly terrestrial birds of wet forest floors. Pittas are mostly solitary and lay up to six eggs in a large spherical nest in a tree or shrub, or sometimes on the ground. Both parents care for the young.
[1] Many species of pittas are migratory, and they often end up in unexpected places like house-gardens during migration.
A number of species of pitta are threatened with extinction. The main threat to pittas is habitat loss in the form of rapid deforestation.

Genus: Hydrornis
Eared Pitta, Hydrornis phayrei
Blue-naped Pitta, Hydrornis nipalensis
Blue-rumped Pitta, Hydrornis soror
Rusty-naped Pitta, Hydrornis oatesi
Schneider's Pitta, Hydrornis schneideri
Giant Pitta, Hydrornis caerulea
Blue-headed Pitta, Hydrornis baudii
Blue Pitta, Hydrornis cyanea
Bar-bellied Pitta, Hydrornis elliotii
Banded Pitta, Hydrornis guajana
Javan Banded Pitta, Hydrornis (guajana) guajana
Malayan Banded Pitta,
Hydrornis (guajana) irena
Bornean Banded Pitta,
Hydrornis (guajana) schwaneri
Gurney's Pitta, Hydrornis gurneyi

Genus: Erythropitta
Whiskered Pitta, Erythropitta kochi
Red-bellied Pitta, Erythropitta erythrogaster
Blue-banded Pitta, Erythropitta arquata
Garnet Pitta, Erythropitta granatina
Graceful Pitta, Erythropitta venusta
Black-headed Pitta, Erythropitta ussheri

Genus: Pitta
Hooded Pitta, Pitta sordida
Ivory-breasted Pitta, Pitta maxima
Superb Pitta, Pitta superba
Azure-breasted Pitta, Pitta steerii
Sula Pitta, Pitta dohertyi
African Pitta, Pitta angolensis
Green-breasted Pitta, Pitta reichenowi
Indian Pitta, Pitta brachyura
Fairy Pitta, Pitta nympha
Blue-winged Pitta, Pitta moluccensis
Mangrove Pitta, Pitta megarhyncha
Elegant Pitta, Pitta elegans
Noisy Pitta, Pitta versicolor
Black-faced Pitta, Pitta anerythra
Rainbow Pitta, Pitta iris